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Flora & fauna of Crete

Crete is a nature lover’s paradise - the flora & fauna this Island is plentiful! 

Crete’s geographical position, climate and variety of altitude and terrain, have blessed this island with a wonderful diversity of flowers and plants.

The island is rich with chestnut, oak, cypress, palm, cedar trees and unnumbered olive trees (olive oil is the main product of the land). There are also more than 140 different kinds of plants and wild herbs that are endemic which means that do not exist in any other place. The Cretan flora is especially rich in herbal and pharmaceutical plants like oregano, thyme and labdanum. There are also an amazing variety of flowers in Crete, like tulips, cyclamen, orchids, etc. Due to the climate and the land terrain the blossoming period lasts for more than 6 months (March to September).

Some exotic plants are the Cretan ebony tree also known as ploumi, citrus trees, the classic olive trees and of course wild flowers. Surviving in this habitat are animals such as the Cretan wild rat, badgers, marten, weasels, hares and the hedgehog. The different zones see their own variety of flora and fauna, which includes the cyclamen, prinos and aspalathos in the semi-mountainous zone and acer and the Cretan tulip among chestnut trees and cypress trees, in the mountainous zone. 

 

  • The Mediterranean Cypress

    Cypress is a very ancient species, of an exceptional longevity. It is the symbol of immortality, serenity , stability and faith.
  • Kritamos - Sea fennel

    Kritamos (Rock samphire or sea fennel ) is linked to Ancient Greece in many ways, in the myths surrounding Prometheus, as well as in Hippocratic medicine.
  • Wild fennel

    From a very early age, the Greeks began to use fennel in the kitchen, but it also has its roots in mythology. 
  • Wild Herbs of Crete

    Crete's flora is at its best in Spring, after the rain of the early season when all is green and hundreds of flowers, plants and herbs start to blossom.
  • Stinging nettle - a healthy power pack

    Nettle tea, made from dried nettle leaves, is perhaps best known for its high mineral content.