Crete’s geographical position, climate, and variety of altitude and terrain have blessed this island with a wonderful diversity of flowers and plants.
The island is rich with chestnut, oak, cypress, palm, cedar trees and unnumbered olive trees (olive oil is the main product of the land). There are also more than 140 different kinds of plants and wild herbs that are endemic which means that do not exist in any other place. The Cretan flora is especially rich in herbal and pharmaceutical plants like oregano, thyme and labdanum. There are also an amazing variety of flowers in Crete, like tulips, cyclamen, orchids, etc. Due to the climate and the land terrain the blossoming period lasts for more than 6 months (March to September).
Some exotic plants are the Cretan ebony tree also known as ploumi, citrus trees, the classic olive trees and of course wildflowers. Surviving in this habitat are animals such as the Cretan wild rat, badgers, marten, weasels, hares and the hedgehog. The different zones see their own variety of flora and fauna, which includes the cyclamen, prinos and aspalathos in the semi-mountainous zone and acer and the Cretan tulip among chestnut trees and cypress trees, in the mountainous zone.